1.Read 657-661 and 722-723 Outline notes Indian Independence - Make sure you relate events in India to major world events
MI: The establishment of the National Congress Party was the first major step towards challenging British colonization.
  • the Indian nationalist movement held patterns that were later followed by other nations
  • National Congress Party led the Indians to independence
  • it was made up of Western-educated Indians- it formed in 1885 and had a number of high ranking British officials
  • it started off as a way for Indians to express their thoughts to the British government- acted as a way to prevent political protest
  • many Indians were troubled by the growing rate of British racism- they thought it was rooted in their low salaries and limited opportunities
  • large portion of the Indian government's budget went to the large army, British pensions and salaries
MI: Social conditions like famine and poverty and British economic ploicies convinced many Indians to challenge British control
  • Indian nationalist leaders tried to focus on Hindu appeals, but Muslims made up one fourth of the Indian population
  • BG Tilak, an Indian nationalist leader, thought that since Hindus were the largest group in India, nationalism shuold be based on Hindu appeals- he worked to promote the revival of Hinduism
  • Tilak's removal and repression campaigns against terrorists strengthened the hand of the politicians in the Congress party before the war
  • Morely-Minto reforms of 1909 provided educated Indians with expanded opportunities to vote for and serve on local and all-India legislative councils
  • Montagu- Chelmsford reforms of 1919 increased the powers of the Indian legislators and placed much of the provincial administration of India under their control
  • Rowlatt Act places restrictions on Indian civil rights like freedom of the press- they started local protests during and after the war
  • Gandhi emegred as a new leader who gained support in an all-India campaign against the policies of the colonial overlords- his methods of civil disobedience prevented the British from using the military on the Indians
  • Quit India Movement 1942- campaigns of civil disobedience
  • ´╗┐Muslim League - as India finds its independence there is a split between between Hindus and Muslims, they are looking for a unifying religion- Muslims weres as badly subjected to British policies as the Hindus were- the league was basically just Muslims living in India, they needed to create a seperate state

2. Complete a leadership analysis of Gandhi

Leader Analysis Sheet
Name of Leader: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Lifespan: 1869-1948
Title: Spiritual Leader and Politician/Bapu
Country/region: India
Years in Power:
Political, Social, & Economic Conditions Prior to Leaders Gaining Power:
  • British Raj had control over India's government, economy, and society
  • formed a British army made up of Indian people
  • factories were brought to India
  • British industrialized India
  • Indians payed high taxes to British government
Ideology, Motivation, Goals:
  • believed in nonviolence
  • to get rid of the rule of the British Raj
  • wanted to boycott British taxes
Significant Actions & events During Term of Power:
  • Used nonviolence
  • got support of boycotting British taxes
  • got Civil Rights for the Indian peoples
Short-Term effects:
  • couldn't stop the split of Indian subcontinent
Long-Term Effects:
  • Made India an independent nation
  • inspired future speakers relating to nonviolence and boycott
  • such as Martin Luther King Jr.

3. Indian Identity.
Wordle: Untitled
Link to above Wordle.