Christopher Columbus "discovered" the Americas. With new knowledge of the world, people were able to colonize the land. This forever changed the global markets.
Christopher Columbus "discovered" the Americas. With new knowledge of the world, people were able to colonize the land. This forever changed the global markets.


The World Map Changes
Between 1450 and 1750 many new empires began, replacing postclassical political units. The Russian and Ottoman Empires began to extend over Europe and Asia as the Mughal Empire began to take over much of India. In 1450 intercontinental trade took place between Asia, Africa, and Europe. By 1750 Atlantic trade routes became very important. The Americas were now part of global trade.
Triggers for Change
The Ottomans conquered Constantinople and extended their rule over much of the Byzantine Empire and its territories. Islam soon took over the once Christian region. Exploration was becoming popular among Europeans. They wanted to find newer and easier trade routes along Africa. New navigational devices helped the explorers find new lands. Europeans had developed better sailing ships and gunpowder was on the rise.
The Big Changes
International trade increased because of the Americas. New exchanges were held including knowledge and technology along with many new foods. Small populations in the new Americas led to a demand for slaves and the African slave trade began to increase. Western Europe increased its world position as well as Russia.
Continuity
No global cultural change happened during this period. The spread of religion continued with Islam making its way to southwest Asia and southeastern Europe and to the Americas. Gender roles, for the most part, stayed the same.
Impact on Daily Life: Work
Africans were taken from their homes and forced into lives of slavery. There developed a pressure to work harder amongst the people. In parts of Europe, working harder was seen as a way to please God. Chile labor increased in many regions. Even old people had to work to survive.

The World Economy
Transformation of the West
The Rise of Russia
Early Latin America
Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Slave Trade
The Muslim Empires
Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change
Unit Review