The Coming of the Great War
  • conflict started in the Balkans- the Balkans was a Slavic province under Austrian rule with a high Serb population
  • in 1914 a Bosnian Serb student assassinated Franz Ferdinand, the heir to Austria's throne
  • Austria issued Serbia a list of humiliating reparations and threatened war if Serbia did not agree to them
  • Russia supported Serbia, Germany supported Austria, France aided Russia
  • Austria declared war with Serbia and all the supporting nations began to mobilize
  • These alliances came about as a result of nationalism, competition over empires, and the European alliance system
  • European alliance system - France, Russia, Britain vs. Germany, Austria, Italy


Balkans.jpg
Balkans.jpg


I see:
  • men standing on a boiling pot
  • the pot is titled "Balkan Troubles"
  • all the men seem to be from different nations
  • the pot seems like it is going to overflow
  • the men look afraid
It means:
  • The Balkans seem to be having troubles with other nations
  • It shows how the Serbs express their nationalism and that they want to be free of Austrian rule
  • the men from the different nations show the world powers for and against the Balkans in WWI
  • the fear on the mens' faces show the range of possible outcomes of the Balkan Troubles
  • the fact that the pot is about to overflow shows that the Balkans have a lot on their plate


Answer the following questions in your wiki - Start at "It will be our wish..." (10th paragraph)
  • How does the introduction relate to the causes of WWI?
The introduction explains how all the major powers of the world are fighting to create world peace. It states that the war began because of violations of right. This connects to the Serbs wanting independence from Austrian rule, but they weren't allowed independence because they didn't have the right.
  • What does Wilson suggest was the reason for American entry into the war?
He states that "every nation whose purposes are consistent with justice and the peace of the world" are able to participate in the fighting - to eventually create peace. He's saying that if your nation has intentions on creating world peace, then they are able to join the war. ´╗┐Self determinism lel the United States into the war - it is the right of the people to determine their own government. Moral obligation led to the U.S. joining the war.
  • How would you summarize the main objectives of the 14 Points?
The main objectives of the Fourteen Points was to prevent any war like the Great War from ever happening again. They were attempts to create peace among all the nations that fought in the war and all nations across the globe. ´╗┐Free trade ("the removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade"), and capitalist trade, open diplomacy, disarmament, restoration of lands and soverignty prior to the war, freeing Belgium, and giving Russian lands back to the Russians, making all aliances public ("open covenants of peace"), to establish the League of Naitons.
  • How might the colonies of Britain and France react to the 14 points?
The British and French never fully agreed with the Fourteen Points, never adopting core points. The British thought the points were fair but thought they could have been harsher. After proposing the points, the French still saw Germany as a threat to their nation, so they believed that the points should have been more restricting. The colonies of the French and British may see the Fourteen points as beneficial to them because they suggest free trade and a capitalist economy. Mabye the document could free the colonies from France and Britain because it hints at imperialism being wrong, while supporting free trade.